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Argentina (official name Argentine Republic) (official name in Spanish Republica Argentina)is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America, neighbouring countries being Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline.

The National Presidential Office and the National Census Agency uses several regions to perform statics tasks; according to this, the most visited are:

  • Andean Northwest
  • Chaco
  • Cuyo
  • Mesopotamia
  • Pampas
  • Patagonia
  • Province of Tierra del Fuego
    Note: The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are claimed by Argentina but administered by the United Kingdom.

The largest cities are:
  • Buenos Aires or "Ciudad Aut?noma de Buenos Aires", usually called Capital Federal to distinguish it from the province of Buenos Aires.
  • C?rdoba, second largest.
    La Plata, capital of the most important state, and known as "the perfect city" for its tracing (see map).
  • Mendoza, fourth largest, well known for its extensive and high quality wine production.
    Rosario, third largest city.
  • San Juan, the tenth largest city, capital of the province of San Juan, and a center of quality wine production.

There are also a lot of medium-sized towns, like

  • Bah?a Blanca
  • Comodoro Rivadavia
  • Concepci?n del Uruguay
  • Mar del Plata
  • Necochea
  • R?o Gallegos
  • Salta
  • Santa Fe
  • Tucuman
  • Ushuaia
  • Villa Gesell
Other destinations
According to the National Tourism Agency, the favourite places outside the important cities are
  • The awesome Iguaz? Falls, right in the north-east corner of the country.
  • The Nahuel Huapi National Park, in Patagonia in the foothills of the Andes mountains and its main city San Carlos de Bariloche
  • The beautiful Mar del Plata, world-wide called The Pearl of the Atlantic.
    El Calafate, the main destination when visiting the Glaciers National Park and the advancing Perito Moreno Glacier.
  • The Perito Moreno Glacier, really a must when visiting Argentina.
  • Many ski centers operate in the Andes during the winter; Las Le?as and San Carlos de Bariloche are particularly well-known.

There are two important nature preserves around Puerto Madryn, Punta Tombo, and Peninsula Valdes where one can see guanacos, rheas, penguins, sea lions, birds, and whales at certain times of the year.

The wine regions of Mendoza and Salta are also very popular tourist destinations.


Argentina is the second-largest country in South America, and the eighth-largest in the world. It is also the highest and the lowest of the continent; at 6.960m Cerro Aconcagua is the tallest mountain in the whole American continent, while Salinas Chicas, at 40m below sea level, is the lowest point.

At the southern tip of Argentina there are several routes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans including the Strait of Magellan, the Beagle Channel, and the Drake Passage as an alternative sailing around Cape Horn in the open ocean between South America and Antarctica.

Buenos Aires and the Pampas are temperate; cold in the winter, hot and humid in the summer.

The deserts of Cuyo are extremely hot and dry in the summer and moderately cold and dry in the winter. Spring and fall often exhibit rapid temperature reversals; several days of extremely hot weather may be followed by several days of cold weather, then back to extremely hot.

The Andes are cool in the summer and very cold in the winter, varying according to altitude.

Patagonia is cool in the summer and cold in the winter. Extreme temperature shifts within a single day are even more common here; pack a variety of clothes and dress in layers.

Don't forget that seasons are reversed from those of the Northern Hemisphere.

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