Argentina (official name Argentine Republic) (official
name in Spanish Republica Argentina)is a large, elongated country
in the southern part of South America, neighbouring countries
being Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to
the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina
has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline.
The National Presidential Office and the National Census Agency
uses several regions to perform statics tasks; according to
this, the most visited are:
There are two important nature preserves around Puerto Madryn,
Punta Tombo, and Peninsula Valdes where one can see guanacos,
rheas, penguins, sea lions, birds, and whales at certain times
of the year.
The wine regions of Mendoza and Salta are also very popular
Argentina is the second-largest country in South America, and
the eighth-largest in the world. It is also the highest and the
lowest of the continent; at 6.960m Cerro Aconcagua is the tallest
mountain in the whole American continent, while Salinas Chicas,
at 40m below sea level, is the lowest point.
At the southern tip of Argentina there are several routes between
the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans including the
Strait of Magellan, the Beagle Channel, and the Drake Passage
as an alternative sailing around Cape Horn in the open ocean
between South America and Antarctica.
Buenos Aires and the Pampas are temperate; cold in the winter,
hot and humid in the summer.
The deserts of Cuyo are extremely hot and dry in the summer
and moderately cold and dry in the winter. Spring and fall often
exhibit rapid temperature reversals; several days of extremely
hot weather may be followed by several days of cold weather,
then back to extremely hot.
The Andes are cool in the summer and very cold in the winter,
varying according to altitude.
Patagonia is cool in the summer and cold in the winter. Extreme
temperature shifts within a single day are even more common
here; pack a variety of clothes and dress in layers.
Don't forget that seasons are reversed from those of the Northern